Snowdon – list of all known ascents

Index to Snowdon pages

List of all those know to have written an account of an ascent of Snowdon or commented on it (over 480 listed for 1600-1899). The full list follows the introduction.

Full transcriptions and sources are recorded on pages for each decade, hyperlinked from this page.
pre 1600
1600-1699
1700-1768
1769-1799
1800-1809
1810-1819
1820-1829
1830-1839
1840-1849
1850-1859
1860-1869
1870-1879
1880-1889
1890-1920

Introduction

This deals with ascents of Yr Wyddfa (Snowdon) partly because the majority of tourists attempted only the ascent of this, the highest peak in Snowdonia. Only a few tourists before about 1860 attempted other peaks. Many tourists were very deeply impressed by the Llanberis pass along which they travelled, as part of the Snowdon experience, sometimes simply to get to or from the inns at Beddgelert or Capel Curig or the Pen-y-Gwryd inn (which was at the junction of the upper end of the pass with the Beddgelert to Capel Curig road), or to the Llanberis and Dolbadarn inns at the lower end of the pass.

To read all this would be rather like climbing Snowdon: there is a lot of rather tedious stuff, interspersed with some magical descriptions. Suffer with them the privations of an early traveler – fleas in beds, lack of sleep, long strenuous walks, sudden changes in the weather, extreme cold and strong winds at the summit, the worry of getting lost, and the enormous disappointment of undergoing so many hardships and failing to see anything but mist once the summit had been attained.

The quality of the writing varies considerably. There is often a distinct difference between the manuscript accounts written within a few hours of the events described and the more thoughtful and sometimes verbose narratives written at home, based on notes and memories, often with publication in mind. Although the majority did not actually end up in print, the writers proffered advice to whomever they thought might read and take notice: some manuscripts were shared amongst friends.

Although the majority of people who wrote about climbing Snowdon normally spoke and wrote in English, they used Welsh names for the majority of the features of the landscape – and often spelled them correctly – presumably by transcribing them from a good map or a previously published tour. The names Snowdon and Snowdonia (the latter first used by Pennant for the whole area), are the exceptions.

Similarity of descriptions

Most of the tourists who ascended Snowdon had similar experiences, either spectacular views or, more normally, no views at all, and the language they used was very similar, partly a result of having read a few of the more popular published accounts. As a result, reading many of their descriptions could become rather tedious were it not for the additional information they supply – their determination to mount the summit whatever the conditions and the humour (and occasional lack of it) with which they accepted the deprivations they suffered.

Few of the authors of these accounts had climbed other mountains of such a height (although some had already ascended Cader Idris and a few Plinlimon) and a very few had been to the Alps, but several had read of such climbs, and already knew of the boundless or minimal views from the top of Snowdon which were described by earlier tourists. Their own responses were often brief or very prosaic, based on experiences firmly instilled in their memories, but frequently so astonishing that they failed to find words to express them. Some, however, attempted to meditate on the thoughts and feelings the views prompted, ascribing them to Nature, or occasionally to God.

The habit of copying previously published accounts; the publication of several editions which were not brought up-to-date (for which the earliest edition has not been found), and delays in publication (where the date of writing is unknown), means that some descriptions of the summit were out-of-date by the time some accounts were published.

Very few of those who arrived at the summit mention others there – this might be because they were disappointed at seeing nothing but mist, or so overwhelmed at the views, or didn’t want to acknowledge that others had achieved what they had accomplished. It is, of course, possible that many who wrote about their ascent were the only ones at the summit at the time they were there, but few mention this either.

Transcriptions and plagiarism.

Where large sections of published text were repeated in later publications, only the first has been transcribed in full with a reference to it the later versions. If a publication, especially a guide book, went through several editions, (and sometimes title changes) these are normally listed with the first edition with comments on any differences between them. If a later edition was significantly different, this is noted under the date of that edition.

Many of the descriptions of an ascent of Snowdon comprise:

  • Details of arrival at an inn or hotel near the base
  • Details of the ascent – method, views, weather
  • Brief description of the summit and what was found there (shelter, huts, mist, other tourists)
  • An attempt to describe the mist and clouds as they moved about the summit.
  • List of the places which could be seen in clear weather,
  • An attempt to express a personal reaction to the experience of seeing such a vast landscape, sometimes based on earlier writers (because the writer was unable to express their feelings in words). A few tourists wrote very thoughtful and spiritual response to the landscape.
  • An often very brief account of the descent.

This study of Snowdon leaves out descriptions of the other mountains of Snowdonia and the general descriptions of the whole mountainous landscape.

DESCRIPTIONS IN WELSH

There are few descriptions of ascents in Welsh, partly because few who could read and write in Welsh wrote about Snowdon in their native tongue. William Morris of Anglesey  was one of the few exceptions.

Graph of ascents

This shows the number of known ascents of Snowdon per decade. (For actual numbers, see the end of this page).

This shows that the number apparently rose to a peak in the 1850s and dropped off significantly after that but this is very unlikley to be a true representation of numbers since they almost certainly continued to rise after that date. This graph simply records the numbers of people who left a record of their ascents, a practice which declined in popularity after 1860.

Estimated number of ascents of Snowdon from various sources

year April to June average summer average maximum per year total per year per day in season
1845-1850 [2,000] 11 Snowdon Visitor’s books, average no. of signatures per day
1858 200-300 Cliffe, John Henry, Notes and recollections of an angler: (1858), p. 149
1865 10,000 55 Snowdon Visitor’s book, NLW, MS 16083C, f. 196
1898 2,200 Barber, The Romance of the Welsh Mountains, p. 18
1899 150 700 Jenkins, J. D., Beddgelert, , Its Facts, Fairies and Folklore,
1904 700 2,000 Gossiping Guide, 1904
1977 400,000 Countryside Commission census
2017 465,000 Snowdon National Park report

LIST OF ALL TRANSCRIPTIONS

pre 1600 The early dates are probably approximate or are based on myth
816 Reference to Yr Eryri in Brut y Tywysogyon
828 Reference to Yr Eryri in Historia Brittonum
1095 Snawdun mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
1114 Reference to Yr Eryri in Brut y Tywysogyon
1159 Snowdon mentioned John of Salisbury’s Polycraticus
1188  Eryri / Snaudune described by Giraldus Cambrensis (c. 1146-1220)
1198 Wyddfa Fawr mentioned in a charter
1211 Reference to Yr Eryri in Brut y Tywysogyon
1230 Reference to  Eryri / Snaudune in a charter
1250 ‘Snaudun’ appeared on Matthew Paris’s map of Britain
1435 y Wyddfa referred to in a poem
1536 Leland described Snowdonia
1568 William Salesbury, began writing his Llysieulyfr [herbal]
1580 Saxton produced a map of Wales on which he marked ‘Snowdowne Hill’
1584 Humphrey Llwyd described Snowdonia
1586 William Camden briefly described Snowdonia (in Latin)
1600-1699
Early maps
1639 The first recorded ascent, by Thomas Johnson
1652 John Taylor (1580-1653)
1658 John Ray, (1627-1705)
1662 John Ray, (1627-1705)
1682 Edward Lhwyd (1660-1709) who met and corresponded with many others
1686 John Caswell who measured the height of Snowdon
1686 John Lloyd (of Blaen-y-Ddôl, Corwen, 1662-1725), relative of Edward Lhwyd
1697 Edmond Halley (1656-1742) who tested equipment for determining the height of Snowdon
1697 John Lloyd, (1662-1726), again
1700-1768
1701 disparaging remarks made about Snowdon
1703 Robert Wynne collecting plants on Snowdon
1710 Edward Lhwyd, (1659-1709), re discoveries in Wales
1712 Robert Foulkes (1685-1771)
1718 William Sherard, botanist (1659-1728), planned to visit Snowdon
1722 Edward Lhwyd, (1659-1709), additions to Camden’s Britannia published
1726 Dr Richard Richardson (1663–1741) compiled list of places where plants could be found on Snowdon
1726 Samuel Brewer (1670–1743) toured Wales
1726 Mr Lyttleton Brown toured Wales
1726 Johann Jacob Dillenius (1684–1747) toured Wales
1726 Daniel Defoe’s description of Snowdon
1727 Samuel Brewer (1670–1743) stayed in north Wales
1727 G.J. Scheuchzer remarks on the height of mountains
1737 Thomas Herring, (Bishop of Bangor) described Snowdonia as the ‘rubbish of creation’
1741 Ascent by William Morris (1705-1763), one of the Anglesey brothers
1742 The earliest illustrations of Snowdon by the Buck brothers
1750 Print of Ceunant Mawr (waterfall) by Boydell
1752 Thomas Pennant’s ascent at night
1755 Thomas Gray’s ‘The Bard’ (1755-1757) set in Snowdonia
1756 Lord George Lyttelton’s letter from near Snowdon
1764 Rev. Richard Farrington’s accounts of antiquities in the area
1765 Richard Wilson’s paintings of Snowdonia
1767 Sir Joseph Banks stayed with Pennant
1769-1799
1769 Sir James Bucknall Grimston toured Wales and kept detailed records of expenditure
1769 Anon, Letters from Snowdon, published 1769
1770 Anon, Ascent by a man or woman
1770 Richard Gough’s tour of north Wales (to be added)
1771 Sir Watkin Williams Wynn (1749-1789) ascent
1771 Luttrell Wynne climbed Snowdon
1773 Dr John Lightfoot (1735-1788) and Joseph Banks (1743-1820) and others
1773 Thomas Pennant’s hopes that Jean André de Luc, (1727-1817) would measure Snowdon
1774 Wyndham’s comments on Snowdon
1774 Dr Samuel Johnson visited Llanberis, but did not climb Snowdon
1774 Rev. Sir John Cullum stayed 3 days at Nantperis, but did not climb Snowdon
1774 Lloyd (probably John Lloyd of Wigfair, 1749-1815) was seen setting out for Snowdon with his theodolite.
1775 An anonymous ascent (including women)
1775 Col. Roy surveyed the height of Snowdon
1776 Thomas Pennant’s second recorded ascent of Snowdon
1776 Reference to Oxford students planning to ascend Snowdon at night
1776 Anonymous description of the ‘savage grandeur’ of Snowdon
1776 Joseph Cradock (1742-1826) climbed Snowdon
1776 Jabez Maud Fisher, an American Quaker arrived at the base to late too climb Snowdon
1778 John Lloyd of Wigfair and Sir George Shuckburgh recorded the height of Snowdon
1778 John Matthews, a surveyor of Wrexham found the inn at Nantperis full, with Shuckburgh’s party
1779 Anonymous Notes of a tour in an interleaved copy of Wyndham’s Tour
1782 John Lloyd sent plants from Snowdon to Sir Joseph Banks
1784 John Byng (later Viscount Torrington), declined to climb Snowdon
1785 Richard Twinning, accompanied Dr Hughes to the summit
1788 Sir Joseph Banks thanked John Lloyd for the plants from Snowdon he had sent
1789 Charles F Greville (1749-1809) planned to ascend Snowdon
1789 Francis Venables Vernon, a sea officer, climbed Snowdon
1790 William Sotheby published a poem about Snowdon during an earlier tour of Wales
1790 The artist, John Webber painted Snowdon
1791 Sir George Shuckburgh was again surveying Snowdon’s height according to the Rev James Plumptre
1791 Wordsworth climbed Snowdon at night, but might not have reached the summit. Described in The Prelude (1850)
1791 Edward Daniel Clarke (1769-1822) failed to climb Snowdon
1792 The Rev James Plumptre (1771-1832) was in Nantperis, but did not climb Snowdon
1792 Nicholas Owen (Vicar of Melltyrn) described a night-time ascent in his guide book
1793 Miss Lock published a poem about Snowdon in the Gentleman’s Magazine
1794 Joseph Hucks recorded that his companion Samuel Taylor Coleridge climbed Snowdon
1795 the Duke of Somerset climbed to the summit
1795 Arthur Aikin (1773-1854) measured the temperature on the summit
1796 William Williams, (1774-1839) and Rev. James Burgess (1774-1839) on the summit
1796 J.S. Duncan (of the Ashmolean) and his brother? P.B. Duncan on the summit
1796 Mr M accompanied Mrs Griffiths and Miss Bell attempted an ascent.
1796 Arthur Aikin (1773-1854) was accompanied by Charles Kinder and Charles Rochemont
1797 The Rev. Richard Warner climbed Snowdon from Beddgelert
1797 Wigstead did not attempt an ascent of Snowdon and compared the chances of seeing anything from the summit with purchasing a lottery ticket.
1797 John Henry Manners, (1778-1857, the Fifth Duke of Rutland) failed to reach the summit
1797 A gentleman and his lady, two youths, the guide and a servant attempted an ascent in a storm
1797 John Evans (1726-1795) of Llwyn-y-groes produced a map of north Wales
1798 William Bingley (1774-1823) stated that he climbed Snowdon seven times
1798 Right Hon. Lord Bulkeley, Lord Lieutenant of Caernarvonshire saw Snowdon as a symbol of unity against possible French invasion
1798 Elizabeth Smith (1776-1806) climbed to the summit at night with only a guide
1798 Two anonymous men published a detailed account of an ascent
1798 Rev John Evans (1768-1812) described the geology of the mountain in detail
1798 Henry Skrine (1755-1803) made three unsuccessful attmepts
1798 Joseph Charles Harford and the Rev. J Poole reached the summit
1799 Sir Robert Kerr Porter (1777-1842) reached the summit in thick mist
1799 William Hutton made two attempts on the summit, the second successful.
1799 Catherine Hutton admired Snowdon but could not climb it.
Late 18th century advice for touring Snowdonia
1800-1810
1800 Catherine Hutton’s second description of Snowdon
1800 Anonymous account of a planned ascent prevented by bad weather
1800 Jonathan Gray ascended Snowdon
1800 Rev. John Trevenen
1800 Richard Llwyd (1752-1835) wrote a long poem entitled ‘Beaumaris Bay’ with notes on Snowdon
1802 William Williams, agent to Lord Penrhyn, published a description of Snowdon
1802 John Broster’s guide to north Wales included advice on how to climb Snowdon
1802 An anonymous female recorded her ascent of Snowdon with some others.
1802 Thomas De Quincey, (1785-1859) comments on Snowdonia
1803 William Mudge (1762-1820) recorded that a staff was placed on the summit by the Ordnance Survey
1803 Mr P.B. Duncan of New College, Oxford climbed to the summit
1804 John Shute Duncan (1768-1844), his brother Philip and P.N. Shuttleworth climbed Snowdon and observed the phenominum known as the Brocken effect on Snowdon
1804 John Wynne Griffith (1763-1834) and William Withering (1775-1832) ascended Snowdon
1804 Richard Llwyd, the Bard of Snowdon published ‘LINES, Written on a View of Snowdon from the new inn at Capel Curig’
1804 Elisabeth Winnington climbed Snowdon with Papa, Edward, Sophia and Harriet (sisters)
1805 John Carr climbed Snowdon
1805 Dawson Turner and Lewis Weston Dillwyn published lists of species of plant known in each county.
1805 Richard Vaughan Yates, (1785-1886) and his brother Joseph Brook Yates climbed Snowdon to see the sun rise
1805 Companions of William Fordyce Mavor (1758-1837) climbed Snowdon
1806 Anonymous advice on climbing Snowdon published
1806 Antoine Philippe Duc de Montpensier climbed Snowdon
1806 George L. A. Douglas was prevented from climbing Snowdon by bad weather
1806 William Williams, agent to Lord Penrhyn, wrote  more about Snowdon
1807 Thomas Stuart Trail described the geology of Snowdon
1808 David Thomas wrote ‘An Address to the Visitors of Snowdon’ to be presented by the miners
1808 Richard Fenton was prevented from climbing Snowdon by bad weather
1808 Richard Fenton complained about the views from Snowdon
1809 A list of heights of some Welsh mountains was published in a local newspaper
1809 Jack Glan y Gors published a poem in Welsh Composed on the Summit of Snowdon
1809 The Rev William Gilpin partly climbed Snowdon
1809 Edmund Hyde Hall (1760s?-1824) began drafting a book on Caernarvonshire which included Snowdonia
1810-1819
1810 Poems from the Capel Curig visitors’ book
1810 Richard Fenton (1747–1821) of Fishguard was prevented from reaching the cummit by bad weather
1810 Joseph Wilson wrote a book entitled ‘A History of Mountains …’ in which he discussed Snowdon
1810 William Joseph Bruce climbed to the summit during the day, having planned to ascend at night
1810 An anonymous climber paid the guide 10s 6d to a guide to take him to the summit.
1810 Corbet Hue, Fellow and Bursar of Jesus College, Oxford, almost reached the summit
1811 An anonymous family almost reached the top
1811 Nicholas Carlisle published a very brief entry on Snowdon in his Topographical Dictionary
1812 Joseph Hawker reached the top but saw nothing but mist
1812 The Snowdon Hotel (now the Snowdon Ranger) was for sale
1812 William Hammond almost reached the summit in bad weather
1812 Percy Bysshe Shelley, (1792-1822) lived near tramadoc for several months but left no record of climbing Snowdon
1813 B and T.J. Parke reached the summit
1813 Jane West wrote a poem about Snowdon
1813 Richard Fenton (1747–1821) climbed Snowdon, possibly with Sir Richard Colt Hoare
1814 An updated edition of The Pedestrian’s Tour through North Wales was published
1815 Richard Grenville, 1st Duke of] Buckingham and Chandos wrote a love letter describing two ascents of Snowdon
1815 The Geologist, I. C. Prichard studued the geology of Snowdon
1815-1816 Robert K Dawson drew a map of Snowdon
1816 The Welshman, Edward Pugh,  (1761-1813), published an account of an ascent in his Cambria Depicta
1816 Thomas Stringer claimed to have climbed to the summit
1816 Richard Cotton found fossil shells on the summit
1817 Paul Hawkins Fisher reached the summit in a storm
1817 Frances Scrope ? (1794-1858)
1817 Note book of information for visitors kept in the New Inn, Llanberis, including several poems
1818 Henry Thomas Payne (or a relative) climbed Snowdon with Oxford clergymen Mr Natt, Mr Yeden and Mr Hughes.
1819 Eliza Constantia Campbell, nee Pryce  (probably) climbed with others at night
1819 William Gerard Walmesley ascended Snowdon at night
1819 Lynn Dewing planned to see the sun rise from the summit but arrived too late
1819 Mr and Mrs Woolrych (Sir Humphry and Lady Penelope?)
1819 Captain Jenkin Jones pursuaded a commercial traveller to join him on a night-time ascent
1819 Elizabeth Selwyn viewed Snowdon but did not climb it, instead quoting from Thomas Pennant.
1819 Rev. F. J. H. Wollaston tried calculating the height of Snowdon with a special thermometer
1819 ‘Warrington’ climbed Snowdon
1819 Captain Hanmer ascended Snowdon and visited the copper mine near the summit
1820-1829
1820 A fictional tour by Edward and his tutor, Dr Walker
1820 John Parker (1798-1860)
1820 A guidebook included long quotations from various published tours.
1820 J. D. Dickinson toured Wales with Mr and Mrs West (possibly of Glanusk) the two Misses West, William West, a servant and groom
1821 An anonymous woman climbed to the summit
1821 Peter Bailey Williams, rector of Llanberis and Llanrhug published a guide book which included Snowdon
1821 The Yonge /Younge family were guided to the summit by Evan Jones, the harper at Capel Curig inn
1821 A drawing volume includes a list of heights of various mountains, including Snowdon
1821 Rev Robert Hasell Newell wrote a series of letters to a relative
1821 Charles Bucke published his Beauties, Harmonies and Sublimities of Nature which included a long section on Snowdon
1822 Some geologists were unable to climb Snowdon because of bad weather
1822 Some gentlemen from Liverpool were able to travel to Snowdon and back in two days via steam ship
1822 Poem about Snowdon published in a newspaper
1822 The An account of the principal pleasure tours in England and Wales included a number of earlier published ascents
1822 Thomas Stuart Trail who climbed Snowdon, had a particular interest in geology
1822 The Diary of Anne Lister includes an ascent of Snowdon
1823 William Chapman accompanied by his brothers Thomas and Edward and William Holder.
1824 William Wordsworth revisited Beddgelert and remembered his midnight ascent of Snowdon in 1791
1825 Ann Atherton and a female companion climbed to the summit
1825 The Cambrian tourist guide and companion included two earlier accounts of ascents
1825 Rev G. J. Freeman published an account of an ascent with his 11 year old son, Mr Brettell and his family and servants.
1825 Mrs Ellen Stock climbed Snowdon entirely on her own.
1825 Brief account of a tour by an anonymous tourist
1825 Henry Fenton Jardis and his friend Charles Pole crossed Snowdon from Llanberis to Beddgelert
1825 Samuel Lines failed to ascend Snowdon
1825 A guidebook included a long account of an ascent by John Smith
1825 Another guide book included a description of views from the summit
1825-1826 The Ordnance Survey built a new cairn on the summit of Snowdon and viewed it from Slieve Donard in Ireland, 108 miles away
1826 Charles Darwin (1809-1882) made a brief reference to an ascent of Snowdon in his autobiography
1826 A tourist three ladies and a gentleman arrived at the summit at 3 am to find 30 others waiting for the sunrise
1826 Rev H Venn failed to reach the summit
1826 An anonymous tourist, possibly a woman, climbed Snowdon with her brother.
1826 The government, possibly the Ordnance Survey, erected a cairn on the summit
1827 Two poems, one in Welsh, the other in English on the subjec of Snowdon were published
1827 Edwin Toby Caulfeild saw little from the summit
1827 A guide book included an account, published in local newspapers, of a tourist who fell asleep on Snowdon as a warning to others.
1827 The Rev. John Parker published a fictitious account of an ascent, based on his actual ascents.
1827 Samples of oxygen were collected from the summit for John Dalton’s research into the proportion of oxygen and nitrogen in the atmosphere
1828 Advert for Dolbadarn Inn which also provided ponies and guides
1828 An Anonymous ascent in cold, damp weather
1828 An account of an ascent at night, written by someone inexperienced at writing.
1828 Charles B. Clark, possibly a young man, described an ascent, and recorded expenditure
1828 The German, Prince Puckler-Muska ascended Snowdon
1828 The musician, John Orlando Parry and his father John Parry, Bardd Alaw, 1776-1851 climbed Snowdon in bad weather
1829 An anonymous  poem about Snowdon was published in Cambrian Quarterly Magazine and The Carmarthen Journal
1829 Description of Snowdon from a guide book
1829 Harry Longueville Jones (1806-1870) wrote a very dry description of the Snowdon
1829 Mr James [while on his honeymoon] ascended Snowdon and was favoured with a fine and extensive view but he found the ascent very fatiguing.
1830-1829
1830 William Aldam, aged 17, and his sister, aged 12 reached the summit
1830 J.D. Forbes reached the top of Snowdon in the mist
1830 Description of Snowdon and long quotation from Pennant
1830 Article in Welsh blaming the guides for inaccurate information on Snowdon repeated by tourists
1830 Notes on Snowdon in a guide book
1831 John Parker (1798-1860) noted the opening of the Pen y gwryd inn and the new road at the upper end of Llanberis Pass
1831 Newspaper report of a month’s trip in north Wales
1831 Two women got half-way up Snowdon on a stormy October day
1831 Hannah Williams, her father and uncle climbed Snowdon on a very hot day.
1831 Leigh published the first edition of ‘Leigh’s guide to Wales’
1831 Charles Darwin joined Prof. Adam Sedgewick’s first of eight visits to north Wales to study Geology
1831 John Ruskin climbed Snowdon at the age of 12, and was prompted to write two poems
1832 A beacon was lit on the summit to celebrate the birthday of Victoria, Duchess of Kent and Strathearn (1786-1861) who was staying in north Wales with her daughter Princess (later Queen) Victoria
1832 Poem in Welsh by Gutin Peris to celebrate visit of Princess Victoria to north Wales
1832 Charles Babington, Professor of Botany in Cambridge climbed Snowdon several times
1832 Thomas Letts wrote a long, florid, illustrated account of his ascent.
1832 John Cadbury climbed Snowdon
1832 Richard Llwyd, the Bard of Snowdon, published a guide book in the form of a tour of north Wales
1832 John Parker described and measured the poet-making stone on Snowdon
1832 A History of Wales, translated from early Latin by Dr Powell and augmented by others included a section on Snowdon
1832 A newspaper reported that a building for the accommodation of tourists was to be built near the summit by Asheton Smith
1832 Edward Doubleday and friends climbed to the summit in search of insects
1833 Samuel Lewis’s  A Topographical Dictionary of Wales included a section on Snowdon
1833 John Gorton’s  A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland included a section on Snowdon
1833 Eliza Constantia Campbell published Stories from the history of Wales with an account of an ascent of Snowdon based on her climb in 1819
1833 Catherine Sinclair wrote authoritatively and at length about Snowdon, but did not climb to the summit
1834 An ironmaster, William Hibbs Bevan of Crickhowell, left a very brief record of an ascent
1834 A newspaper reported that a young woman guided visitors up Snowdon
1834 William Graeme Tomkins noticed the foundations of one of the new huts
1834 Joseph Hemingway quoted from several earlier tourists in his guidebook
1834 A newspaper reported that the Victoria Hotel Llanberis was being extended and a ‘cottage is about to be built for the reception and entertainment of travellers at the summit
1835 Laura Elizabeth Sanders made a sketch on the summit
1835 A bonfire was lit at the summit to celebrate the nuptials of R Williames [sic] Vaughan, Esq., and Miss Lloyd
1835 Three Dutch travellers climbed Snowdon at night
1835 Thomas Pryer wrote a very long description of his experiences of climbing Snowdon
1835 Rev. John Skinner failed to reach the summit due to an accident, but his daughter, Anna, did
1836 (date uncertain). Captain Edward Foley made several unsuccessful attempts to see views from the summit
1836 A Pedestrian, probably Joseph Onwhyn, wrote hints on how to enjoy an Three-week’s ramble in Wales
1836 Thomas Roscoe published a long account of an ascent, with much reported speech from guides
1836 Article on Snowdon
1837 Horace Francis climbed Snowdon with his brother and a lady
1837 Elizabeth Bower climbed Snowdon with her ‘newly acquired husband’
1837 Thomas Turner climbed Snowdon in the mist, but the clouds parted and the views were clear.
1837 G. J. Bennett republished several earlier accounts of ascents
1837 Joseph Gurney Barclay (of Barclay’s Bank), climbed Snowdon with his father and four sisters
1838 An Anonymous fisherman complained at the charges made by Snowdon guides
1838 A Reading newspaper reported that it was possible to travel from London to Snowdon in less than 48 hours
1838 A newspaper reported that during some sunny weather 50 pedestrians had been seen on Snowdon in September
1838 W. Byron wrote a long, readable account of an ascent
1838 John Alonzo Clark wrote ‘even ladies make the ascent of Snowdon, I felt that I had too weak a chest to try’
1838 An anonymous tourist who had seen nothing on his two visits to Snowdon, quoted Pennant at length
1838 William Williams, the botanical guide took the ‘Botanical Looker-Out’ to the summit
1839 Thomas Hopkins, a Nephrologist, saw nothing on his first visit but had clear views on his second
1839 John Parry, (Bardd Alaw, 1776-1851) climbed Snowdon for at least the second time
1839 Bingley’s son, brought out a third, updated edition of his father’s Excursions in North Wales
1839 The Mountaineer, Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd, (1795-1854) climbed Snowdon three times.
1839 Alfred Tennyson was in Llanberis and probably climbed Snowdon, as described in his ‘The Golden Year’.
1840-1849
1840 Elizabeth-Mary Danks wrote an account on an ascent by herself with Mary and Benjamin (presumably brother and sister).
1840 C.E. Napier found snow on the summit on the 24th April
1840 James Hews Bransby thought that  all tourists should be thrilled with ecstatic wonder on the summit
1840 William Maymott and party climbed at night and saw the sun rise
1840 Elizabeth Sarney (probably) was prevented from an ascent by bad weather
1840 A climber was much disappointed by the lack of views at the summit, which prompted a sonnet
1841 William Buckland, the geologist, observed evidence of glaciers in Snowdonia
1841 A newspaper published a partial account of an ascent
1841 A local newspaper reported that army engineers were building a cairn on the summit
1841 A newspaper published a brief account of an ascent in bad weather but the clouds cleared revealing spectacular views
1841 A journal published a poem about Snowdon
1841 S.S. wrote articles about a tour of Wales which were published in a journal and Welsh newspaper
1841 An anonymous tourist and a Scotsman drank a pint of raw whisky and a soda water bottle of sherry on their way down
1842 Advert for the Royal Victoria Hotel which had ponied for the ascent of Snowdon
1842 Poem describing a night-time ascent of Snowdon
1842 Hannah Wood described an ascent of Snowdon in a sketch book
1842 A newspaper reported on the overnight loss of the daughter of a couple who climbed Snowdon
1842 A newspaper published a long account of an ascent
1842 Charles James Fox Bunbury arrived at the summit in thick mist but had good views later
1842 The German, Georg Johann Kohl climbed to the summit
1842 The Bishop of Norwich climbed Snowdon to spend a night there when visiting his son, an Officer with the Ordnance Survey
1842 The Ordnance Survey made 4 observations of Slieve Donard, 108 miles away in Ireland, and surveyors at Slieve Donard made 21 observations of Snowdon. Many trigonometrical points in England, Ireland and Wales were also measured from Snowdon
1843 Edward Parry published a long account in ‘The Cambrian Mirror’ with long quotations from Pennant and others
1843 Thomas Carlisle climbed to the summit but had little to say about it
1843 Duke of Newcastle climbed Snowdon with his four daughters and son William
1844 An anonymous tourist found ‘Williams, a second Robinson Crusoe’ providing coffee in a hut on the summit
1844 Joseph Sidebotham published accounts of two botanical ascents of Snowdon
1844 A north Wales and other newspapers reported that there were two huts on the summit
1844 John Matthews and his wife Hannah Maria Matthews climbed Snowdon twice in one week, once at night
1844 Ellen Hall, one of two sisters, both of whom kept diaries, climbed Snowdon in poor weather
1844 Elizabeth Rolls and relatives found snow near the summit in April
1844 Carl Gustav Carus wrote an account of the King of Saxony’s tour of Wales, which included a detailed account of an ascent of Snowdon.
1844 An anonymous tourist was taken up Snowdon by an 11 year old boy whom they gave whisky to keep off the extreme cold
1845 The earliest surviving visitors’ book for the summit of Snowdon records the names of hundreds of tourists who visited the summit huts
1845 The Rev Wellington Starr made his first ascent of Snowdon, and wrote a poem on his experiences
1845 Thomas Cook’s first commercial railway excursion was supposed to include Snowdon, but bad weather prevented the ascent.
1845 Thomas Jones, the Snowdon guide, provided hat pins for lady tourists to stop their hats blowing off
1846 The Rev Wellington Starr made his second ascent of Snowdon but died on his descent
1846 Mr and Mrs Hamer spent their honeymoon on the summit
1846 Miss S Dovaston climbed Snowdon before sunrise
1847 Prince Constantine of Russia was on the summit
1847 R.W. Long wrote a long account of his ascent
1847 The geologists Sir Andrew Crombie Ramsay and Sir Henry de la Becke climbed Snowdon as part of their geological researches
1848 The geologists Sir Andrew Crombie Ramsay and Sir Henry de la Becke climbed Snowdon as part of their geological researches
1848 The Liverpool Mail announced the prices of travel to and availability of refreshments on Snowdon
1848 Roberts and Williams advertised their hut on Snowdon
1848 William Bennett climbed Snowdon in search of rare ferns
1848 Robert Temple and others climbed Snowdon at night but were enveloped in cloud
1848 Talhaiarn (John Jones, a Welsh poet and architect 1810-1869) climbed Snowdon and wrote two poems in the visitors’ book
1848 J Balance wrote ‘Ascended Snowdon on horseback. Cloudy at the top’
1848 S. S.S. had an unsatisfactory ascent, but quoted at length from others
1849 Edwin Lees found twenty or thirty gentlemen all hard at work breaking stone upon the top of Snowdon searching for fossils
1849 Mary Ann Hibbert, climbed Snowdon when she was about 59, with two female companions
1849 The geologist, Andrey Ramsay spent most of five months in Snowdonia (see also 1847, 1848, 1850)
1849 Andrew Ramsey published an important book on glaciers in 1859 based on his experience in Snowdon and elsewhere.
1849 A book included an account of an ascent in poor weather
1849 Several newspapers published a long account of an ascent
1849 A tourist on a trip to Ireland stopped off en route to climb Snowdon at night
1850-1859
1850 The Illustrated Hand-book to North Wales included extracts from Pennant and The Beauties, Harmonies, and Sublimity of Nature
1850 Pedestrian’ wrote a series of articles for the Monmouthshire Merlin on a tour of Wales which included Snowdon
1850 An anonymous artist sketched the summit of Snowdon
1850 The geologist, Andrey Ramsay spent most of 8 months in Snowdonia (see also 1847, 1848, 1849)
1850 A description of Snowdon was included in The land we live in, a pictorial and literary sketch-book of the British empire
1850 Humphrey’s Guide to the Summit of Snowdon included transcripts of several previous ascents
1850 A fictional account of a tour of Wales written for children in the form of diaries by three girls.
1850 In his guidebook, The book of North Wales Charles Frederick Cliffe included his own and other accounts of ascents of Snowdon
1851 The first edition of the multi-edition guide Black’s Picturesque Guide through North and South Wales
1851 The anonymous author of The Tourist in Wales included a good account of an ascent.
1851 William Catherall’s, section on Snowdon in his Wanderings in North Wales was almost a duplicate of Cliffe’s The Book of North Wales
1851 Lord John Russell, (1792-1878) was Prime Minister when he climbed Snowdon with his wife.
1851 Pupils of Church Street Academy with their preceptor, Mr W.H. Baker, ascended Snowdon
1851 William Pamplin climbed to the summit
1851 Brief description of the view of Snowdonia from Angelsey with numbered sketch.
1851 Three Days run in north Wales by W. of Bristol included an ascent of Snowdon
1851 Nassau William Senior was prevented from climbing Snowdon because the Inn at Llanberis was full
1852 Martin’s Week’s wanderings amidst the most beautiful scenery of North Wales included brief information about Snowdon
1852 William Pamplin climbed to the summit twice
1853 George Tyas was prevented from climbing Snowdon by bad weather
1853 Augusta Pearson (1829-1922) was 24 when she climbed Snowdon
1853 A tourist was told that a guide up Snowdon would cost 7s and 10s 6d on Sundays
1853 William Pamplin climbed Snowdon 3 times
1853 Walker Baily and companion filed to climb Snowdon because of bad weather
1853 A party were taken up Snowdon by a little boy and one had a serious accident on the way down.
1853 Thomas Westcombe annotated a list of Snowdonian plants
1853 Thomas Roscoe published a different account of an ascent from that in his tour of 1836, of the same title
1854 Henry Farncombe Billinghurst described briefly and ascent
1854 A newspaper reported that as a result of good weather ‘an immense number of people’ had climbed Snowdon
1854 The botanist Charles Babington climbed Snowdon again
1854 William Pamplin published a long article about his ascent of Snowdon
1854 George Borrow (1803-1881) author of Wild Wales climbed Snowdon with his daughter Henrietta
1854 Charles Edward Mathews, aged 20 first visited the Pen-y-Gwryd hotel and made the first of over 100 ascents of Snowdon.
1855 W.H. Baker published The panoramic guide to Welsh mountain scenerywhich included Snowdon
1855 Two climbers ascended Snowdon in deep snow in February. It was so cold their brandy froze.
1855 ‘Stroller’ from Chesterfield published a good account of his responses to the views in a newspaper
1855 William Gladstone, former Chancellor of the Exchequer and later Prime Minister, climbed Snowdon with his son.
1855 J.H. Davies was prevented from ascending Snowdon due to bad weather but described other attractions in the area
1855 Charlotte Hobhouse climbed Snowdon with Arthur (presumably her husband)
1855 William F. Peacock published Welsh mountains : on and over them
1855 John James of Plas Acton, Wrexham ascended Snowdon with Richard
1855 Augustus Hare ascended Snowdon
1856 Charles Kingsley (1819-1875), Henry Kingsley, Tom Hughes stayed at the base of Snowdon and wrote a famous poem
1856 The anonymous author of The stranger’s best guide to Bangor quoted several other accounts of ascents
1856 J. P. Hamer, one of the guides to Snowdon, saw a beacon on the Malvern hills from the summit of Snowdon in January
1856 A German Tourist, Julius Rodenberg, climbed Snowdon in bad weather
1857 J. W. Ambrose quoted several other accounts of ascents
1857 William Foyl arrived at Llanberis by coach at about noon, climbed Snowdon and was  back at Llanberis in time for the 5.15 coach back to Caernarfon
1857 There was a plan to land a hot air balloon on the summit but it ended up in the Menai Straits.
1857 The Times newspaper reported that large numbers of visitors had arrived in north Wales by train
1857 Barton, a Cambridge botanist accused William Williams [Wil Boots] the botanical guide of hiding rare plants from visitors including him.
1857 J.P. Hamer published a guide book to Snowdonia
1857 Three anonymous women, their servant and dog climbed Snowdon leaving a highly amusing account of their experiences
1857 A magazine published descriptions of two night-time ascents which probably took place many years earlier
1857 A visitor to north Wales celebrated the landscape he enjoyed when taking a long break in north Wales.
1857 A lyrical account of an ascent which is most unusual in style.
1857 Report of human remains found on Snowdon
1857 John Henry Cliff wrote a long account of an ascent of Snowdon
1858 Sir Stephen Glynne (1807-1874) slept on the top of Snowdon on midsummer night
1858 Haswell Hill wrote a poem on the summit of Snowdon
1858 Edward Newman, published ‘History of British Ferns’ which included a section on Snowdonia
1858 An account purporting to be reviews of two books, but apparently a first-hand account of a tour.
1858 How we climbed Snowdon [in April] by B.G.J.
1858 Black’s guide book incorporating earlier accounts (Roscoe, 1853, Talfourd 1844)
1858 a newspaper reported that there were two tents on the summit, one for ladies.
1858 Llanberis pass was blocked by rocks which tumbled down the mountainside following a storm
1858 A couple wrote a cynical list of reasons for climbing Snowdon
1858 An anonymous traveller described at some length an ascent, published in The Leisure Hour
1859 Edmund Ping had splendid views from the summit in January
1859 Samuel and Susannah Linder climbed Snowdon in search of ferns
1859 George Henry Frodsham, aged 23, died from a fall on Snowdon at night
1859 The Rev. Robert Maguire, M.A., Incumbent of Clerkenwell, London wrote a poem on climbing Snowdon to see the sun rise
1859 A ‘Working Man’ wrote an account of an ascent at night in bad weather for a newspaper
1859 An anonymous tourist described a prayer and hymn meeting on the summit
1859 A tourist, R Rogers Cox died on the summit in late October
1859 A description, in Welsh, of a a route to the summit and views from the top.
1859 Geo ?Spottiswoode and Augustus visited Snowdonia in search of evidence of Glaciers.
1860 (about) Charlotte A. M. Cookman climbed Snowdon
1860 An anonymous man found 40 others on the summit
1860 Bradshaw’s Shilling Handbook included details for climbing Snowdon
1860 James Bridge Davidson found the huts open on the 14th May, but no beds available
1860 An unidentified lady and two aunts climbed Snowdon and the Llanberis quarries
1860 William Cathrall published a detailed account of Snowdon for one of his guidebooks
1860 Professors John Tyndall (1820-1893), and Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895) and Mr Busk climbed Snowdon on the 28th December
1860 A London office worker took a train from London to Llangollen Road and walked to the summit of Snowdon arriving in a storm two days later
1860 John Parker made his final ascent with Lady Mary Leighton (his sister) and her daughter Margaret
1860 Halliwell in his ‘Notes of Family excursions in north Wales’ quoted some earlier accounts at length
1860 A humorous report in a newspaper suggested that there were so many railways being built, that one might be built between the summit of Snowdon and Cader Idris
1860 Two men climbed Snowdon on Christmas eve
1861 A large number of Volunteers [militia] climbed Snowdon
1861 Murray’s handbook for north Wales included details of routes up Snowdon
1861 Richard and Emily climbed Snowdon to find mist at the summit according to a letter written by Louisa Southall
1861 An American Quaker climbed Snowdon
1861 The Botanical guide, William Williams, died while collecting plants on Snowdon
1861 Report of an ascent of Snowdon on the 29th December
1862 Large numbers of people from the Caernarfon Eisteddfod climbed Snowdon at night
1862 A visitor sketched the interior of one of the huts and the cairn from memory
1862 William Bigg complained about the popularity of Snowdon
1862 An anonymous visitor described those offering their services as guides and the souvenier sellers at the summit
1862 George Tugwell published a fictional account of an ascent, based on his own experience.
1863 Professors John Tyndall (1820-1893) climbed Snowdon on the 2nd January to examine the blue colour of snow
1863 Sir Charles Lyell was on the summit of Moel Tryfan in search of deposits containing shells
1863 A tourist thought that the huts on Snowdon were ‘less impertinent because more useful’ than the hut on Castel Dinas Bran
1863 (about) The 5th edition of The Illustrated Hand-book to North Wales included more instructions about ascending Snowdon
1863 ‘Damon’ and his wife ‘Xantippe’ climbed Snowdon in poor weather, and ‘Damon’ tried again a few days later and saw a spectacular sunset.
1864 One of a series of articles on ‘The Old Glaciers of North Wales’ included advice on climbing Snowdon
1864 The Times newspaper published a letter about shells in deposits on Snowdon
1864 An anonymous Welshman described his ascent of Snowdon for a local newspaper
1864 Two men climbed Snowdon in pouring rain and spent the night in the hope of seeing the sun rise
1864 A New edition of Martin’s Week’s Wanderings with advice about Snowdon was published
1864 The Pumphrey Brothers took photographs on the summit
1865 The Visitors’ book contains comments on ascents and experiences at the summit
1865 T.W. Fisher met many people climbing Snowdon to watch the sun set
1865 R. Rice Davies invested Snowdon with historical stories and myths
1865 Gertrude J Stratton climbed Snowdon with friends but had no good views
1865 C. E. Matthews, the enthusiastic mountaineer was pleased to find that there were 13 bottles of beer at the summit in mid-April
1866 A photographer found that photographs were on sale in the summit huts
1866 John Parnell, sent details of the maximum and minimum temperatures at the summit to the Times newspaper
1867 A tourist climbed to the summit at night in late May in a snow storm and found the huts firmly closed
1867 Two women climbed Snowdon at night
1867 F.S.A.’ was dissapointed to find a drunk young man insensible to the glorious views
1868 Richard Richards decided to climb Snowdon from Beddgelert
1868 Hugh the Capel Curig guide claimed to have climbed Snowdon more than 3,000 times
1869 The Railway from Caernarfon to Llanberis opened
1869 A beacon was lit on the summit to celebrate the coming of age of Mr Assheton Smith
1869 A geologist described Snowdon in some detail
1869 An anonymous tourist climbed to the summit but saw nothing during a two-hour stay
1869 An anonymous mountaineer climbed Snowdon with his two nieces in very bad weather and stayed the night in a hut, and wrote in detail of the spectacular views of the sunset, moon rise and sun rise which he probably experienced the previous year.
1870 Description of an ascent by a group including women
1870 Description of a separate ascent by one of the same party
1870 A group of Welsh people sang as the sun rose, but a church minister was reduced to silence by the beauty of the views.
1870 A newspaper gave details of how it was possible to travel to the summit from Chester and back in a day
1870 A magazine published a print of people climbing Snowdon with alpenstocks
1870 A local newspaper reported that Snow lay thick on the summit in mid May, but the huts were open
1871 A Snowdon guide was charged with cruelty to a pony on Snowdon
1871 A Birmingham newspaper suggested that climbing Carnedd Llewelyn would avoid the ‘touters’ on Snowdon
1871 A book of extracts from the Pen-y-Gwryd visitors’ book was published
1871 A group of 45 workmen from Penlon (Bangor) slate works spent an excellent day climbing Snowdon
1871 The author of a guidebook wondered why there was not a proper hotel on the Summit of Snowdon as there was on the Righi, Switzerland
1871 Abel Heywood’s guide included a description of a moonlight ascent by 8 people
1871 Arthur Schuster saw the Brocken effect on Snowdon and reported on it to the British Association
1871 Two sisters climbed Snowdon from Pen-y-Gwryd
1871 W.S. Symonds recorded memories of the botanical guide, William Williams
1873 The Good Templers opened a refreshment hut halfway between Llanberis and the summit
1873 The Geologist Daniel Mackintosh climbed Snowdon and Cader Idris with a companion and several boys at Easter time
1873 There was snow on Snowdon in mid-September
1873 Description of a thunderstorm on Snowdon at night
1874 A Fictional romance on Snowdon from How the Snow melted on Snowdon by J.J. G. Bradley.
1874 Frederick Roberts Wilton, a London School teacher died from a fall on Snowdon
1874 Dr. W. Wilberforce Smith spent a night in one of the huts on the summit
1874 A Parliamentary bill to enable a raileway to be built up Snowdon was abandoned due to the landowner’s opposition
1874 The Guardian newspaper published a report of an ascent
1874 David Illingworth published an account of an ascent of  Snowdon in the Yorkshire Magazine
1875 A tourist reported that he had never seen the scenery from the summit, and mentioned that a young man had died on Snowdon recently
1875 Mary Jones wife of David Jones and administratrix of Philip Williams, of Snowdon summit Hotel was granted a licence for the sale of alcohol
1875 The body of Edward Grindley Kendall was found on Snowdon
1875 Four ladies and three gentlemen travelled from Aberystwyth to Llanberis, climbed Snowdon, saw the sun set and stayed the night on the summit
1876 The Fiztgerald family, (mother, brother, nephew and niece of the poet) climbed Snowdon
1876 A newspaper report of an ascent claimed that the tourist found 60 people on the summit
1876 A newspaper published a Mr D Shaw’s ascent of Snowdon with others at night.
1876 A newspaper published a magazine article which complained that the railway to Llanberis spoiled the scenery
1877 A newspaper gave advice on guidebooks for Snowdon
1877 A newspaper published a brief account of an ascent wich noted that there was ahut for ladies at the summit
1877 A visitor to the summit complained that he was not allowed into one of the huts without paying
1877 An account of an ascent in verse
1877 A third parliamentary bill for enable the building of a railway to the summit was abandoned because the land owner objected
1877 H.B. Biden’s published All Round Snowdon, with a panoramic view.
1877 Thomas Adler wrote about an attempted ascent  with his wife (and mother?).
1878 Jenkinson’s Smaller Practical Guide to North Walesincluded brief directions for ascents on various paths
1878 An anonymous account of an ascent of Snowdon
1878 A newspaper reported that several young men broke into the half-way hut on their way to the summit on Whit Monday
1878 A newspaper published advice on ascents by the Alpine Club
1878 A newspaper repeated an article published in the Odd Fellows Quarterly Magazine describing Christmas ascents in deep snow
1879 Maxwell Haseler died near the summit in January, having been abandoned by his companions
1879 There was still snow on the summit in May
1879 Dr Joseph Parry wrote an Ode to the Sun, to be sung by the Eryri Choral Union on the summit at sunrise
1879 Rev. Thomas Butler (1806-1886) ‘Reminiscences of botanical rambles about Snowdon and its neighbourhood.’  for the Gossiping Guide to Wales
1880 (about) Mr Wilton’s body was found on Snowdon about 10 days after he went missing
1881 Rhyd-du station opened (name later changed to Snowdon station)
1881 Askew Roberts published The Gossiping guide to Wales which included very detailed descriptions of the routes up Snowdon
1881 M Paterson published his account of his visit to Snowdon in Mountaineering below the snowline or The Solitary Pedestrian in Snowdonia and Elsewhere.
1881 W H Knowles published an account of an ascent in a newspaper
1882 An American, J Fitz Brind, ascended Snowdon
1882 Thomas George Dismore, aged 34, died on Snowdon
1883 A husband and wife got lost and spent a night in a deserted cottage on Snowdon
1883 Royal Geological Association held a meeting on the summit.
1883 John Buck of Tyldesley, Lancashire climbed Snowdon
1883 Anonymous account of an ascent
1883 John Sworn of London climbed Snowdon by saw no views
1883 10 Royal Engineers were on the summit
1884 A party of Gentlemen climbed Snowdon during a very mild  January
1884 Among 44 names in the visitors’ book were four of Irving’s White Minstrels from Llandudno’s Happy Valley
1884 Edward Greenly climed to the summit but saw no views
1884 Abel Heywood published an updated version of his guide
1884 members of the Menai Society made a partial ascent of Snowdon
1884 Advert for the new coach service, Beaumaris to Llanberis
1884 About 100 people were dissapointed by a lack of a view of the sunrise from the summit in August
1884 Mrs Brown’s humorous account of an ascent
1884 Mr Livesley / Livesey was killed by lightening in one of the huts. It was reported that 50 guildes helped carry his body down
1884 Glynn Price of Gwerntlwynwyth (S. Wales) climbed Snowdon
1885 The short and easy route to Snowdon was published by Thomas Thomas of Chester
1885 A collection box was kept on the summit of Snowdon to raise funds for the new church in Llanberis
1885 An organisation, Eryrod Eryri [The Eagles of Eryri] was established in the summit
1885 Sketch of the summit in the visitors’ book
1885 A German tourist visited the summit
1886 A very detailed account of an ascent by two members of ‘Eryrod Eryri’ in March
1886 A sketch of the interior of one of the huts was drawn in the visitors’ book
1886 The Ordnance Survey were surveying from the summit
1886 Felician Myrbach and Paul Villars climbed to the summit
1886 A group of mountaineers published an account of a night ascent
1887 Bonfire on the summit in the 21st June to celebrate the jubilee of Queen Victoria
1887 A partially fictional account of an ascent in humorous verse
1887 Some Ordnance Survey employees climbed Snowdon at night
1888 A memorial was set up to Alfred Evans of Liverpool  who died on Snowdon on Whit Sunday
1888 Abel Heywood’s revised edition of his Penny Guide Books published
1889 Part of Snowdon offered for sale and purchased by Sir Edward Watkin
1889 The prices of food and drink on the summit were published
1890 Four women, including at least two from Newnham college, Cambridge, climbed Snowdon
1890 A dispute over the relative heights of Snowdon and Carnedd Llewelyn was resolved
1890 Sir Edward Watkin offered the summit of Snowdon to the Royal Astronomical Society, and had other plans for improvements
1891 Sir Edward Watkin proposed having electric light in the chalet (presumably one of the huts on the summit).
1891 The humorous magazine ‘Punch’ published a fictional account of an ascent by Sir Edward Watkin’s ‘railway’
1891 Sir Edward Watkin put a flag staff on the summit
1891 Four women climbed Snowdon and desended in bad weather
1891 A group of tourists climbed Snowdon at night and met about 20 Welsh vocalists at the top
1891 Emily Copeman and others climbed Snowdon in thick mist
1891 Prof. Boyd Dawkins gave a talk on the History of y Wyddfa to the Manchester National Academy of Wales
1892 The Geologists’ Association reported on an ascent of Snowdon
1892 John Davies climbed Snowdon to see the sun set
1892 Gladstone opened a new path to Snowdon [The Watkin path]
1892 The Rev. J.H. Stowell published an account of an ascent in bad weather
1893 Sir Edward Watkin purchased the Ffridd Issa estate, from Rhyd-du to nearly the top of Snowdon.
1893 The Spring near the top of Snowdon has dried up for the first time in 40 years
1893 A Telephone line was opened on Snowdon on the 6 July 1893
1894 A Mr Mitchell died while climbing Snowdon in September
1894 The National Trust for the Preservation of Places of Historic Interest and Natural Beauty campaigned against the proposed Snowdon railway.
1894 A local newspaper criticised those who campaigned against the Snowdon railway
1894 The Snowdon Mountain Tramroad and Hotels Co. Ltd was formed in November
1894 The first sod for the Snowdon railway was cut in December
1895 Leonard Brown (1873-1951) recorded in detail the first of three attempts to climb Snowdon
1895 In July, a guide survived being struck by lighening which damaged one of the huts
1895 Robert Owen’s application for a renewal of licence for selling alcohol on the summit was rejected.
1895 By September, 1½ miles of trackhad been laid
1895 Alan H. Twenty-Man and Tom Pritchard, a guide, claimed to have ascended and descended Snowdon in a total if 2 hours, 1 minute
1896 January. The first train arrived at the top of Snowdon with workers.
1896 Proposals and share offer for new hotel on the summit.
1896 6th April, Easter Monday. First public train journey on Snowdon Railway – fatal accident on the way down.
1896 James Leach, photographer, given permission to establish a studio near the summit
1896 The proposed new hotel was refused a licence to sell alcohol
1896 September – a man was injured by lightening on Snowdon and one of the huts was damaged.
1897 19 April, Easter Monday. Snowdon Railway re-opened to the public
1897 A large telescope was placed on the summit for visitors by F.C. Cobden
1897 September – the newly completed hotel on the summit was again refused a licence to sell alcohol
1897 F.K. made his 30th ascent of Snowdon and observed the Broken effect.
1897 Mr T. D. Davies of Cardiff and L.E. Jones of Menai Bridge climbed Snowdon on Christmas Day.
1898 Leonard Brown (1873-1951) recorded in detail his second attempt to ascend and descend Snowdon in just under 4 hours.
1899 Ellis o’r Nant wrote some memories of his grandfather’s stories relating to Rhitta’s grave on Snowdon
1899 D.E. Jenkins wrote a chapter about Snowdon at length in his  ‘Beddgelert, Its Facts, Fairies and Folklore’

 

decade no. of known
accounts
1630 1
1640
1650 2
1660 1
1670
1680 3
1690 2
1700 2
1710 3
1720 8
1730 1
1740 3
1750 3
1760 5
1770 20
1780 6
1790 29
1800 31
1810 29
1820 45
1830 52
1840 56
1850 68
1860 50
1870 31
1880 26
1890 13
 Total 489