oyster gathering

Oysters were a cheap source of food until improved transport enabled them to be taken to towns while they were still fresh. The entries below include the range of foods that the tourists were offered when they mentioned oysters.

It appears that ground oyster shells were thought to have special effects.

1658, Tenby
Great variety of fish taken near this town, viz., cod [Morrhua vulgaris,] ling [Lota molva,] mackrel [Scomber scomber,] thornback [Baia clavata,] soles [Solea vulgaris,] plaice [Platessa vulgaris,] turbot [Rhombus maximus,] scarbut, holybut [Hippoglossus vulgaris!] conger [Conger vulgaris,] hake [Merlucius vulgaris,] dog or hound-fish [Scyllium canicula,] horn-fish or sea-needles [Belone vulgaris,] haddocks [Morrhua ceglefinus,] gurnards, red [Trigla cuculus,] and white Trigla gurnardus,] herrings [Clupea harengus,] sprats [Clupea sprattus,] mullet [Mugil capito,] and basse, Labrax lupus,] suins [Salmo erioa;,] sharks, dunhounds, iream [sea, Pagellus centrodontus,] flukes grey and white flounders, Platessa Jlesus,] cowes, bleaks or pollacks Merluciuspollachius,] ballon [Wrasse, Labrus bergglta,] smelts [Atherine, Atherina presbyter,] lobsters [Astacus vulgaris,] crabs, porpess, grampus, siels, hews, bullheads [Cottus scorpius,] butter-fish [Gunnellus vulgaris,] dots, bret or brit [brill, Rhombus vulgaris,] bowmen, oysters, shrimps [Crangon vulgaris,] limpings [limpets ?] smooth and rough cockles, flemings, white and black hay-fish, cuttle-fish.[Latin names presumably added by the editor in 1846]
Ray, John, (1627-1705),] Memorials of John Ray: consisting of his life by Dr Derham. Biographical and critical notices by Sir J.E. Smith and Cuvier and Du Petit-Thouars. By Edwin Lankester, (Ray Society, 1846), p. 175

1727 Holyhead Inn
Had some oyster shells ‘which I got powdered on purpose but it was good for nothing.’
Swift, Jonathan, (Dean Swift), (1667-1745), Holyhead Journal, 1727, (Harper, 1902)

1732 Bangor
Good French Claret in Bangor at 2/- a bottle; 100 small oysters for 2d
Loveday, John, 1711-1789, Diary of a tour in 1732 through parts of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland, made by John Loveday of Caversham … Printed from a manuscript in the possession of his great-grandson J. E. T. Loveday, with an introduction and an itinerary, (Edinburgh: 1890), p. 23

1738 between Bangor and Caernarfon
upon many places upon the shore you see several miserable little huts made of turf which are inhabited by very poor Fishermen whose families chief employ is treading upon the sea mussels … for pearls … sold at 3-4s per ounce.
Mildmay, William, ? Diary, Essex Record Office, D/Dmy, 15M50/1325, f. 55

24.8.1756, Pwllcrochan, Pembrokeshire
bed of oysters called Pannermouth on which I saw the women picking them up; they are a little larger and almost as esteemed as those at Colchester. … Tenby is famous for the largest oysters in the world, they are about 7 inches over.
Pococke, Richard, British Library Add ms. 23000, f. 113; Cartright, James, Joel, (ed), The Travels Through England of Dr Richard Pococke, Camden, vol. 2, (1889), pp. 174-233; T., F.D., Bye-gones, 23.3.1927, pp. 84-85; 4.5.1927, pp. 91-92

1757 Aberconwy
the river famous for a black mussel in which they find large well coloured pearls
Pococke, Richard, British Library, Add. Ms. 23001, f. 82; Cartright, James, Joel, (ed), The Travels Through England of Dr Richard Pococke, (Camden Society, 1889), vol. 2

1761 Beaumaris
In the morning of this day we passed Beaumaris on whose strand are multitudes of mussels for which the poor fishermen lie in wait and collect from them after they are put into a copper cauldron over a fire a great quantity of small pearls which they sell to Apothacaries for to make pearl powder and other assortments.
Anon (clergyman), ‘Journey from Dublin to London 1761 – 1772’, British Library, add 27951, f. 5

1768, Peniarthuchaf, Merionethshire
Salmon are commonly three pence, and trout two pence a pound. But these we have seldom any cause to buy. There are plenty in the river, and the spear and the rod are always at hand. From the bridge upwards, a short time ago, I brought home twelve dozen of the latter, caught one forenoon with the fly. We have sea fish in abundance – skate, mackerel, herring, and oysters from Towyn and Barmouth, our seaports, with prawns, lobsters and crabs upon the coast … We are the worst off for beef, as the cattle in general are bought up by the drovers. We get it, however, now and then, and can have it by sending for, with our malt, from Shrewsbury.
Jackson, J., (1768-1770), Letters from and relating to North Wales, Cardiff Central Library, MS 4.1163, Letter I, 3.9.1768; Journal of the Merionethshire Historical and Record Society, vol. 3, p. 364

1769 Milford Haven
record of expenditure: oysters £0/1/0 (£0.05)
Grimston, James Bucknall, Sir, (Third Viscount Grimston, 1749-1809), A Tour in Wales, 1769 ; Sir James Grimston’s diary is held by the Hertfordshire Record Office D/EV/F 15-19); Report on the manuscripts of the Earl of Gorhambury, Historic Monuments Commission Report, (HMSO, 1906), pp. 242-283

1775 Anglesey
food of the inhabitants –they eat little meat, but eat cheese and butter, bacon, tame and wild fowls, sea fish, oysters, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, prawns, muscles and cockles.
Thomas, John, (1736-1769), A history of the island of Anglesey, from its first invasion by the Romans, until finally acceded to the crown of England: together with a distinct description of the towns, harbours, villages, and other remarkable places in it; … serving as a supplement to Rowland’s Mona antiqua restaurata. To which are also added, memoirs of Owen Glendowr: …  (London, 1775), p. 8

1775 Llandeilo
We returned … to an excellent dinner of trouts fresh from the river, delicious mutton and the best tarts I ever tasted, they are made of bogberries … We fare very well in this country except that the wine that we meet is in general very bad: we have plenty of fish and salmon of a peculia kind, which I prefer to the English; lobsters and crabs are in perfection here, and we supped last night on fresh oysters as fine as any I have tasted this winter; the mutton cannot be otherwise than good and the turkeys and fowls deserve to be mentioned with honour.
Jones, William, Sir (Lord Teignmouth) (1746-1794), The works of Sir William Jones, (London: 1807); Garland, Cannon (ed) The letters of Sir William Jones (Oxford, 1970), p. 188; The collected works of William Jones, (New York University Press, 1993, 13 volumes); Davies, Caryl, Romantic Jones : The picturesque and Politics in the South Wales Circuit, 1775-1781, National Library of Wales Journal, XXVIII, (1994), pp. 255-278

1784 Aberconwy
{Pearls from mussels – some used for dentists teeth powder and bought some}
Cumberland, George, (1754-1848), A Tour in North [and South] Wales in the Year 1784, NLW Lloyd-Johnes MSS Deposit Dec. 1976;  Lloyd-Johnes, H.J., A Tour in North and South Wales in the year 1784, National Library of Wales Journal, XIX, (1976), pp. 336-338, [This leaves out the journey from Ruthin to Conwy]

1790 Tenby
Captn Mercer drank tea with us, a gentleman who lodged at the Ball where Dr Crompton kept his horses, and had been very obliging in sending us oysters.
Nicholson, Francis, The diary of Frances (Fanny) Nicholson, NLW MS15190C

1791  Hook, near Haverfordwest
{Very well looked after by her husband’s relatives and eats well on salmon, lobster, oysters and other fish twice a day, Welsh mutton, Welsh ale and excellent wine.}
Morgan, Mary, Mrs, A Tour to Milford Haven, in the Year 1791, (London, 1795), letter 33, p. 230

1792 Pwllheli
Oysters, herrings and other fish abound on the coast.
Owen, Nicholas, (Vicar of Melltyrn) Caernarvonshire. A sketch of its history, antiquities, mountains, and productions. Intended as a pocket companion to those who make the tour of that county, (London, 1792), p. 92

1792 Llanrwst
Pearls in the river in black mussels ‘Cregin y Dil’
Owen, Nicholas, (Vicar of Melltyrn), Caernarvonshire. A sketch of its history, antiquities, mountains, and productions. Intended as a pocket companion to those who make the tour of that county, (London, 1792), p. 8

1792 Conwy
Here was once a famous pearl fishery, the coast abounding in mussel banks.
Owen, Nicholas, (Vicar of Melltyrn), Caernarvonshire. A sketch of its history, antiquities, mountains, and productions. Intended as a pocket companion to those who make the tour of that county, (London, 1792), p. 12

1792 Aber
The poor people acquire their livelihood from the cockle and mussel shell fish. The latter produces the seed-pearl, which are sold to jewellers to decorate toys, and to chemists, who make a valuable dentifrice from them.
Owen, Nicholas, (Vicar of Melltyrn), Caernarvonshire. A sketch of its history, antiquities, mountains, and productions. Intended as a pocket companion to those who make the tour of that county, (London, 1792), p. 28

1793 Conwy
The river breeds a kind of shell, which being impregnated with dew, produces pearl. I did not see any but we read in Camden, that they are as large and well coloured, as any either in Britain or Ireland.
[Slaney, Plowden,], A Short journal of a tour through the counties of Denbigh, Merioneth, Cardigan, and Caernarvon, and the island of Anglesey in 1793, NLW 9854C, p. 63

1796 Conwy
Conwy pearls
Diary of J.S. Duncan (of the Ashmolean), Tour Through Wales from Oxford, 1804, with notes from an earlier tour, NLW MS 16714A. [This must refer to the earlier journey:  in the second set of journals (NLW MS16715A of 1813, Duncan mentions climbing in the Snowdon area 15 years earlier which may be an estimate for 17 years before – i.e. 1796]

1797 Conway
Formerly some little trade was carried on with pearls. They were found in mussels which were caught in great numbers by women and children and when boiled each shell produced a pearl. They were sold to the apothacaries who made of them testaceous powders. This trade is now at an end.
Colt Hoare, Richard, Thompson, M.W., ‘Tour in the Summer of 1797’, Cardiff Public Library, MS 3.127.6 (quarto); MS 4.302.2 (folio); The Journeys of Sir Richard Colt Hoare through England and Wales, 1793-1810, (1983), p. 73

1797 / 1798 Bangor
Good inn, fine fowl and oyster sauce for supper
Taylor, Ellen, of Hollypark, Limerick, [a tour in England and North Wales], NLW MS 3479B, p. 143. [A note inside dates the tour to 1797 or 1798]

1798 Tenby
The large oysters, called Tenby oysters, are taken in the bay of Carmarthen, three or four miles from the shore.
Warner, Richard, Rev. (1763-1857), A Second Walk through Wales in August and September, 1798, (Bath, 1799), note on p. 349

1798 Conwy
Pearl Fishery. The river was celebrated in former times as a pearl-fishery; and pearls have been found here at different intervals ever since the Roman conquest. The shell in which they are found is called the Pearl Muscle, and is the Mya margaritifera of Linnaeus … It is reported in the country that sir Richard Wynne of Gwydir presented the queen of Charles II with a oearl from the river Conwy, which was afterwards placed in the regal crown. About twenty five years ago the late Sir Robert Vaughan went to court with a button and loop in his hat set with pearls from the Conwy.
Bingley, William, (1774-1823), A tour round North Wales, performed during the summer of 1798: containing not only the description and local history of the country; but also a sketch of the history of the Welsh bards: an essay on the language; observations on the manners and customs; and the habitats of above 400 of the more rare native plants: intended as a guide to future tourists, (London, 1800), p. 107; (1814 edition), pp. 71-72; (3rd edition but with new title) ‘Excursions in North Wales including Aberystwith and the Devil’s Bridge, intended as a guide to Tourists by the late Rev W Bingley. Third edition with corrections and additions made during Excursions in the year 1838 by his son W.R. Bingley, (London, 1839), chapter 30

1803 Tenby
{Oyster fishing}
Evans, John, B.A., 1768-1812 (Jesus College, Oxford), Letters written during a tour through South Wales, in the year 1803, and at other times : containing views of the history, antiquities, and customs of that part of the principality; and interspersed with observations on its scenery, agriculture, botany, mineralogy, trade and manufactures, (London, 1804), letter 9, p. 248

1804 between Llandyssul and Lampeter
‘Left this sublime scenery … to the snug and neat Glebe house of the Revd Mr Williams, Vicar of Llanfihangel ar arth where Mrs Williams, a very respectable Gentlewoman pressed in a strain of hospitality, rare now-a-days, to take some refreshement, and got us a veal cutlet nicely dressed, with cold Ham and Tenby pickled oysters; with the best table beer and finest ale I ever drank, but too strong.’
Fenton, Richard, Tour in 1804, Cardiff Central Library, MS 1.22; Tours in Wales, 1804-1813, Edited from his Ms Journals in the Cardiff Free Library by John Fisher, Archaeologia Cambrensis Supplemental Volume, (London, 1917)

1804 Tenby
{The Natural History of the Oyster}
But what this shore is most famed for is the incomparable oyster fishery. … Oysters lie at all depths: … here on the shore of Caldey they are found from nine to twelve. … The fishery, though simple, is curious, and varies according to the depth of their stations, or the means of the fishermen. Some collect them with their hands; and others with a sort of long wooden tongs, or a rake of iron spikes affixed to the end of a large pole. But these methods can only be adopted in shoal water: the most common mode of fishing, and that adopted here, is what they call dredging, from the instrument used on this occasion, a dredge; this is a large triangular iron frame, the base of which is bent back about twelve inches, so as to form a rectangular scraper; to the opposite angle is affixed a length of rope, and over all is placed a net composed of leathern thongs, or iron wire. Equipped with several of these, they proceed in their boats over the oyster grounds, dislodging and collecting the oysters, often taking up the dredges as they fill, which is known by the weight, and discharging the contents into the hold of the boat. Numerous boats are occupied in this fishery, and most of the poor families here are employed in the trade, Tenby supplying the midland and western coasts of England with this article of luxury.
Evans, John, B.A., 1768-1812 (Jesus College, Oxford), Letters written during a tour through South Wales, in the year 1803, and at other times : containing views of the history, antiquities, and customs of that part of the principality; and interspersed with observations on its scenery, agriculture, botany, mineralogy, trade and manufactures, (London, 1804), pp. 248-254

1803 Caernarvonshire
Since the year 1712 multitudes have been taken in the Caernarvonshire Menai, where, prior to that period, it is recorded none were ever discovered. The report is, that a person threw into the channel about one hundred live oysters, which have increased several miles; and numerous vessels are now employed in the fishery: but it is more probable the real cause was, the agitated waters carrying the spat from distant oyster beds during the spawning season.
Evans, John, B.A., 1768-1812 (Jesus College, Oxford), Letters written during a tour through South Wales, in the year 1803, and at other times : containing views of the history, antiquities, and customs of that part of the principality; and interspersed with observations on its scenery, agriculture, botany, mineralogy, trade and manufactures, (London, 1804), pp. 248-254

The peasantry live on potatoes, oat cakes, cheese, eggs and fish including cockles and oysters instead of meat;
Donovan, Edward, Descriptive Excursions through South Wales and Monmouthshire, in the year 1804 and the four preceding summers, (London, 1805)

1805 Gower
Davies, Walter, NLW 1760A, Notebook 19[NLW NOTEBOOK 18], Itinerary no XII: Gower, 1805; [Jones, David Ceri, Report of a research project on ‘The rural economy and society of Wales between 1790-1815 with special reference to the manuscripts of Walter Davies (‘Gwallter Mechain’)’, undertaken for the History and Law Committee, Board of Celtic Studies, University of Wales, 2000-2001. NLW ex 2251, p. 585]

1806 near Bangor
A great number of the poor in this commot of Uchaf live by gathering and selling cockle and muscle shellfish. … A man or a woman will usually gather 18 pence to two shillings worth during the ebb tide.{sometime pearls are found – some a sold to jewellers and others ground down for cleaning paste or tooth adhesive.}
Williams, William, ‘A Survey of the Ancient and Present State of the County of Caernarvon by a Landsurveyor, 1806’, NLW Ms 821C, p. 214

1809, Conwy
{Pearl fishery}
Bruce, William Joseph, A Peregrination through part of the Counties of Somerset, Monmouthshire, Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, Herefordshire and Shropshire with a portion of South Wales and a tour round north Wales as performed in the Autumn of the Year 1810, to which is subjoined a brief History of the Principality of Wales … and a tour [of part of England] during the summer of 1809, NLW, mss. 19405 C, p. 216

The shore of Tenby is now most famed for its incomparable Oyster Fishery; though many countries are visited by this fish, yet our own coasts stand the first in fame. {The Romans preferred British Oysters}
Holdsworth, Rev., [probably], The Tenby guide: comprehending such information, relating to that town and its vicinity, as could be collected from ancient & modern authorities, (Swansea, printed by J Voss, 1810), pp. 10-11, note

21.8.1812 Llanrwst
bought two pearls from muscle shells for 10 shillings
Hawker, Joseph, ‘Tour of Josh Hawker and Elizabeth his wife through north Wales, 1812’, NLW add MS64B, p. 53

1813?  Conwy
On the beach I met a poor Welsh girl gathering mussels as I was wandering to explore the sand bank where the carriage was run aground.
West, Jane, Mrs [nee Iliffe], (1758-1852), Tour to Wales and Ireland 1813 ?, Cambridge University Library, add. MSS 738, [GBR/0012/MS Add.738], f. 18 [There is nothing in the diary which helps date it other than the references to the castle owned by Hesketh at Gwrych castle, work on which started in 1812, but the references suggests that work there was well advanced.]

5.6.1819 Conwy
{Muscle shells collected for pearls and sold for 9 shillings an ounce. The shells were heated and the pearls removed. The men were} ‘seldom disappointed in finding pearls’. {Pearls sent via London to the East Indies, possibly for eating.}
Walmesley, William Gerard, ‘Journal of a Pedestrian Tour made in north Wales during the month of June, 1819, by William Gerard Walmesley and William Latham.’, London Metropolitan Archives, CLC/521/MS00477, pp. 31-32

1825, Bardsey Island
Ate good, large oysters
Freeman, George John, Sketches in Wales; or, A diary of three walking excursions in that principality, in the years 1823, 1824, 1825. By the Rev. G.J. Freeman, … (London: 1826), p. 229

1825 Conwy
Mr S and Mary got some pearls from a fisherman who is employed secretly in this trade which has been carried on for years. He told us he sold an ounce weight for a pound but would not name his employer. They are found in a kind of mussel of which there are great number on the banks of the river
Spurrett, Eliza, Journal of a Tour in North Wales, The Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester & Rutland, 7D542/1, 4th August, 1825

1827 Oystermouth
We saw the little village of Oystermouth a sort distance off famous for oysters
Beecroft, Judith, Excursion to North Wales, Cardiff Central Library, MS2.325, p. 52

1827 Conwy
On our return to the [suspension] bridge we saw a man very busy in washing some sort of fish in a basket & tub. He was getting pearls from muscles (sic). The fish had previously been boiled & then to obtain the pearls the whole fish is squeezed & drained in a basket then a small portion of this substance is put into a keeler well washed & squeezed till the pearls drop out. They are sold for 16d an oz to a jeweller. They are in general very small but one which was presented to the Queen of Charles 2d is now is our King’s crown. The muscle is a particular species found on a sand bank near Conwy – it is rented & boilers are fitted up in the sands where the muscles are first boiled.
Beecroft, Judith, Excursion to North Wales, Cardiff Central Library, MS2.325,  ff. 90-91, July 1st, 1827

1828 Craig y Don, north Wales
Our dinner would have contented the most rigid Catholic in lent: it consisted entirely of fish, admirably dressed in various ways. An oyster bank under his windows contributed its inhabitants for our dessert; the cows grazing before the house also afforded many delicacies; and the hot-houses adjoining the dining-room, delicious fruits.
Prince Puckler-Muskau, Tour in England, Ireland, and France, in the years 1828 & 1829: with remarks on the Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants, and Anecdotes Of Distinguished Public Characters by a German Prince, (London: 1832, 2 vols; Philadelphia 1833, 4 vols)

1829 Conwy
The present town of Conwy took its rise from the great quantity of pearl-muscles which induced the fishermen to reside there. [note] Sir Richard Wynne of Gwydir, groom of the bed chamber to Charles I had one pearl given him by a Llanrwst fisherman which has a place in the regal crown. I have in my possession a few pearls found near the bridge of Llanrwst which are nearly the size of a green pea, but they are not so round, neither are they so white as the oriental pearls. [end of note]
Louis, M. L. (fl. 1829-1853), A sketch of some parts of the county of Carnarvon, (Llanrwst, 1829), pp. 18-19

1831 quotes prices in Pembroke
s              d             per
Beef                                        4-6          lb
mutton                                  4-6          lb (finest in the world?)
veal                                        4-6          lb
live pork                                2             lb
fowls                       1              8            pair
turkey                                     4
goose                      2              6
eggs                         1             0             24
butter                                    10           lb
flour                                      3½         lb
cod-fish                  2            6              each
fresh salmon                       4              lb
oysters                                  10           100
grocery                    at London prices
Draught ale                         1              0              per gallon
Dublin porter                                     3½          bottle
Irish malt wiskey              14           0              gallon
wine                         about the same as in England
Leigh, Samuel, Leigh’s Guide to Wales & Monmouthshire: containing observations on the mode of travelling, plans of various tours, sketches of the manners and customs, notices of historical events, and description of every remarkable place, and a minute account of the Wye, with a map of Wales. (1831, 1st edition); 1835 (3rd edition) with considerable additions and improvements, (London : 1835), p. 5

1832 Penmon
About a century and a half ago, some beneficent person is said to have thrown about a hundred Oysters into the Menai, where they increased wonderfully, as they also do in different places by the storms driving their seeds in various directions. A change of situation is considered very conducive to their improvement in growth and flavour.
The fine Penmon Oysters are pickled at Beaumaris, and put in small neat casks, constructed for the purpose, which are sent to distant parts of the kingdom.
Llwyd, Richard, (the late, Bard of Snowdon)
Beaumaris Bay: the Shores of the Menai, and the Interior of Snowdonia; Scenery Unrivalled in its Comprehensive Variety, the Interesting Objects Which it Includes, and the Sublime Prominence of its Features. (A new edition, Chester, 1832), p. 25
A Trip to Wales or the Steam Packet Companion from Liverpool to Beaumaris, Bangor, Caernarvon and Conway with a description of the Shores of the Menai, the Snowdonian Mountains, Lakes, Valleys, Castles, and Mansions in the Neighbourhood; as well as the Beauties, Curiosities and Antiquities of Cambria. (Chester, Edward Parry, [c. 1837?])

4.9.1836 Conwy
Saw piles of mussel shells. Women and children pick them up, boil them and get out the pearls which they sell at 2/6 an ounce and earn as much as 12s a week.
Anon,  ‘Journal of a tour of Wales in 1836’, NLW MSS 12392B, p. 12

1844 Milford
Oysters are found in considerable quantities in the bay of Milford.
Kohl, George Johann, England, Wales and Scotland, (London, 1844); Travels in England and Wales [1845 (Translated into English by Thomas Roscoe)

1851 Conwy
Learnt at Bangor that in 1850, 2,000 tons of mussels were sent to Manchester by train. The Pearl fishery at Conwy which had subsisted for 200 years and more was given up this year. Last year [1850] the quantity was small only 27lbs weight.
Trail, Thomas Stuart, [sometimes spelled Traill], National Library of Scotland, ms 19376, f. 51

5.10.1857 Conwy
took boat trip up the river … pearl fishing
Foyl, William, Tour of North Wales 1857, NLW 23178B, ff. 66-67

1852 Conwy
The Conwy Pearl Fishery – dates back to pre-Roman times, according to Pliny, Caesar consecrated a breastplate decorated with Conwy pearls to a Roman goddess. Queen Catherine, wife of Charles II was given a large pearl from the Conwy. etc The pearl fishery was revived in 1850 because the railway had brought new markets for the oysters.
Davis, William, of Llanfair D.C., A guide to Rhyl and the surrounding country : what to do and where to go with, excursions suitable for the pedestrian, equestrian, or locomotive tourist by William Davis, Master of Jesus Chapel School, Llanfair, Dyffryn Clwyd, (Chester : [1852]), p. 63

1860 Deganwy
Nearly opposite Deganwy, at the mouth of the estuary of the Conwy, are the large muscle banks, which for so many generations have yielded an apparently inexhaustible supply of muscles for the pearl fishery, which is still carried on energetically.
Halliwell-Phillipps, James Orchard, (FRS), Notes of family excursions in north Wales, taken Chiefly from Rhyl, Abergele, Llandudno and Bangor, (1860)

Oyster fishing at Mumbles occupies 400 men and 60-80 boats in season
Anon, Journal of a Tour in south Wales (Pembrokeshire, Carmarthen, Swansea, Cardiff), Cardiff Central Library, MS 3.272, p. 72

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.